Agricultural biostimulants are biological or biologically derived fertilizer additives and similar products that are used in crop production to enhance plant growth, health and productivity. They might achieve this by:
The term "agricultural biostimulants" encompasses a diverse group of product technologies and may include bacterial or microbial inoculants, biochemical materials, amino acids, humic acids, fulvic acids, seaweed extracts and more. They can be used to supplement and enhance existing agricultural practices and crop inputs.
Researchers valued the biostimulant market, which is one of the categories within the larger agricultural biologicals market, at $1 billion USD in 2013 and see strong potential for growth—as much as 20 percent per year over the next 5+ years.1
Although the biostimulants category is rapidly growing, there is no agreed-upon legal definition for biostimulants in the United States. In the U.S., the Biostimulant Coalition is at the forefront of working to address regulatory and legislative issues involving biological or naturally derived additives for use with crops. The Biostimulant Coalition, in consultation with the Association of American Plant Food Control Officials (AAPFCO), have agreed that the defined term "beneficial substances," may be a useful umbrella under which many biostimulants could seek their own definitions. Beneficial substances are considered by AAPFCO to be:
"Any substance or compound other than primary, secondary, and micro plant nutrients that can be demonstrated by scientific research to be beneficial to one or more species of plants, when applied exogenously."
To date, Europe has advanced the furthest in developing a consensus definition as well as a regulatory and legislative framework for biostimulants. The European Biostimulants Industry Council (EBIC) defines biostimulants as follows:
"Plant biostimulants contain substance(s) and/or micro-organisms whose function when applied to plants or the rhizosphere is to stimulate natural processes to enhance/benefit nutrient uptake, nutrient efficiency, tolerance to abiotic stress, and crop quality."
According to EBIC, biostimulants distinguish themselves from traditional crop inputs in two main ways, and are therefore complementary to crop nutrition and crop protection:
"Agricultural biostimulants include diverse formulations of compounds, substances and micro-organisms that are applied to plants or soils to improve crop vigor, yields, quality and tolerance of abiotic stresses. Biostimulants foster plant growth and development throughout the crop life cycle from seed germination to plant maturity in a number of demonstrated ways, including but not limited to:
Improving the efficiency of the plant’s metabolism to induce yield increases and enhanced crop quality
Increasing plant tolerance to and recovery from abiotic stresses
Facilitating nutrient assimilation, translocation and use
Enhancing quality attributes of produce, including sugar content, color, fruit seeding, etc.
Rendering water use more efficient
Enhancing soil fertility, particularly by fostering the development of complementary soil micro-organisms"
Agricen and our sister company, Agricen Sciences, are enhancing plant health and nutrition with biostimulants derived from a naturally occurring, diverse community of microorganisms and the biochemical byproducts they produce ( e.g., organic acids, proteins, enzymes). These biochemicals are are the key functioning components of our commercially available biocatalyst product technology. The biochemistry in our products interacts with the plant-soil system to increase the availability and uptake of nutrients that are applied in the form of fertilizers or that are present already in the soil or in crop residues.
Our rigorous scientific research program continues to be focused on developing biostimulant products rooted in biology and biochemistry, with the goal of further improving the performance of plant nutrition programs and providing growers with the tools they need to increase productivity and sustainability.
Learn more about agricultural biostimulants by downloading Agricen's "Growing for the Future" booklet: